IntroductionIn Politics a Constitution can be described as;
- A document outlining the basic laws or principles by which a country is governed.
- A fundamental system of law, written or unwritten, of a sovereign state, established or accepted as a guide for governing the state.
- A document that fixes the limits and defines the relations of the legislative, judicial, and executive powers of the state, thus setting up the basis for government.
- A document that provides guarantees of certain rights to the people.
From the above statements we come to understand that a constitution is just a set of rules used to run a country effectively and peacefully.
To understand this concept a little better let us take the example of some thing we are more familiar with: a game of cricket or football.
A Game of Football
Now let a look at a few of these laws :
- The maximum length of the ground shall be 200 yards by 100 yards. The goal shall be defined by two upright posts, eight yards apart.
- A toss for goals shall take place, and the game shall be commenced by a place kick from the centre of the ground by the side losing the toss for goals.
- After a goal is won, the losing side shall be entitled to kick off.
- A goal shall be won when the ball passes between the goal-posts.
- No player shall run with the ball.
- Neither tripping nor hacking shall be allowed, and no player shall use his hands to hold or push his adversary.
- A player shall not be allowed to throw the ball or pass it to another with his hands.
- No player shall be allowed to take the ball from the ground with his hands under any pretence whatever while it is in play.
- No player shall be allowed to wear projecting nails, iron plates, on the soles or heels of his boots.
When a game of football is played any where in the world these rules have to be followed otherwise it will not be a fair game of foot ball.
These laws can be called the Constitution of the Game.
Now let us take the game of cricket that we all like. What are the rules we follow in this game? Are they the same as the laws of foot ball?
A Game of Cricket
The game is played according to 42 laws, which have been written by the Marylebone Cricket Club, and accepted as the standard for a game of cricket any where in the world.
Now let us look at a few of these rules.
- A match is played between two sides, each of eleven players, one of whom shall be the captain.
- The pitch is a rectangular area of the ground 22 yards in length and 10ft in width.
- Two sets of wickets shall be pitched opposite and parallel to each other at a distance of 22 yards.
- The striker is out Bowled if his wicket is put down by a ball delivered by the bowler.
- A match shall be one or two innings of each side according to agreement reached before the match.
- Either batsman is out if he willfully touches the ball with his hands.
- The umpires shall be the sole judges of fair and unfair play.
Again these laws can be called the Constitution of the Game.
- The laws of cricket and the laws of football are totally different.
- Each set of laws define that particular game and the way it should be played.
Similarly most countries have their own set of rules by which they govern their country; these rules are called the Constitution of that country.
A Constitution is crucial to the working of Democratic Country.