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Nepal and Its Constitutio

A constitution, as we saw, should spell out the ideals the citizens believe that their country should uphold.

 

Let us see if the constitution of Nepal spells out the ideals of its citizens.
 


India Map
 


Nepal

  • Nepal is a mountain kingdom situated on the Northern border of India, between India and China.
  • Initially Nepal was a monarchy.
  • The constitution of Nepal which was drafted in 1990 established the authority of the king.
  • The people of Nepal fought for democracy.
  • Democracy was established in 2006.
  • Nepal started drafting a new constitution, after democracy was attained.
  • Now the country is governed by an Interim Constitution that came to effect from January 15, 2007.

     

    So, we come to understand that Nepal felt the need for a new constitution after it became an independent nation and was not a monarchy any more.

Let us look at the reasons that made it essential for Nepal to draft a new constitution.

  • There was a dire need for a new constitution as the ideals of the people had changed as the country had moved from a monarchy to a democracy.
  • The old constitution was drafted when the country was under the rule of the king.
  • The people of Nepal fought for a democratic government for many years.
  • So the old constitution does not reflect the ideals of the people.
  • The new constitution will change the rules of the old constitution in order to bring in a new society with new ideals.
  • A new constitution is also necessary to define the nature of a country’s political system as previously the country was ruled by the King and his council of ministers.
  • The new constitution will play a very important role in shaping the nation as in a democratic country as a constitution lays down the guidelines that govern the people.

Now let us look at the path that lead the people of Nepal towards Democracy :

  • There was a people’s struggle in 1990 that established democracy that lasted for 12 years until 2002.
  • In October 2002, King Gyanendra began taking over the government with the assistance of the army.
  • In 2005 King Gyanendra took over as the head of the government.
  • In 2006 people’s movement for democracy began gaining immense force.
  • In April 2006 the King restored the Third Parliament and asked the political parties to form a government.
  • In 2007, Nepal adopted an interim Constitution. ​






The Struggle for Democracy

 
 
 




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