The Need for a Constitution
- Most countries in the world have a Constitution.
- All Democratic Countries have a constitution that governs it.
- A Country that has a constitution is not necessarily a Democratic country.
- Constitutions are written and followed by countries for various reasons.
Now let us look at the different reasons for which these constitutions are written :
- A constitution puts down certain principles that form the basis of the kind of country that we as citizens, desire to live in.
- A Constitution tells us the fundamental nature of our society.
- A Constitution helps serve as a set of rules and principles that all persons in a country can agree upon as the basis of the way in which they want the country to be governed.
- The constitution also spells out the ideals the citizens believe that their country should uphold.
- A country is usually made up of different communities of people who have different beliefs; the main aim of the constitution will be to fulfill the beliefs of a majority of its citizens.
Making of the Indian Constitution
- The Indian National Congress made a demand for a Constitutional Assembly in 1934.
- After 12 years, the Indian Constitutional Assembly was convened in December 1946.
- The members of this Assembly were only Indians.
- This Assembly started drafting the Constitution for Independent India.
- Dr. Ambedkar was the Chairman of the Constitution drafting committee.
- It is the longest written constitution of any independent nation in the world, containing 395 articles, 12 schedules and 83 amendments.
- It declares India to be a sovereign, democratic republic and establishing the structure, procedures, powers and duties, of the government and duties of citizens.
- The 308 members of the Assembly signed two hand-written copies of the document (one each in Hindi and English) on the January 24, 1950.
- Two days later, on January 26, 1950, the Constitution of India became the law of all the Indian lands.
Jawaharlal Nehru signing the Constitution of India