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Drafting New Laws

Existing laws are amended and new laws are introduced as and when the need arises. Different groups in the society raise the need for a particular law. When the need for a new law arises the Parliament plays an important role in formulating the law and brining it into force. It is necessary for the Parliament to be sensitive to the needs of the people and the problems they face and give them protection under the law.

Now let us see how a new Law or Act is introduced. 

  • Parliament of India consists of the President and two Houses the Council of States or the Rajya Sabha and the House of the People or the Lok Sabha.

  • A Bill can be introduced in either House of Parliament.

  • A Bill introduced by the Minister is known as Government Bill and a Bill introduced by a private member is known as Private Member's Bill.

  • The procedure for the passage of the Bills is similar in both the cases.

  • A Bill has to pass through three stages in each House of Parliament and receive Presidential assent before it becomes an Act of Parliament.

  • In the event of a deadlock between the two Houses on a Bill, the issue is resolved at a joint sitting of the two Houses.

Let us trace the introduction of the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2005.

  • Domestic violence against women was very common in India in the early 1990s.

  • Throughout the 1990s, the need for a new law was raised in different forums like Public Meting and women’s organisations.

  • In 1999, Lawyers Collective, a group of lawyers, law students and activists, after nation-wide consultations took the lead in drafting the Domestic Violence (Prevention and Protection) Bill. This draft bill was widely circulated.

  • Meetings were held all over the country supporting the introduction of this Act.

  • The Bill was first introduced in Parliament in 2002, but it was not to the satisfaction of all.

  • Several women’s organisations, like the National Commission for Women made submissions to the Parliamentary Standing Committee requesting changes in the Bill.

  • In December 2002, after reviewing the request made by the National Commission for Women, the Parliamentary Standing Committee submitted its recommendations to the Rajya Sabha and these were also tabled in the Lok Sabha.

  • The Committee’s report accepted most of the demands of the women’s groups.

  • Finally a new Bill was reintroduced in Parliament in 2005.

  • After being passed in both houses of Parliament, it was sent to the President for his assent.

  • The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act came into effect in 2006.

Features of the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2005

  • Ministry of Women and Child Development issued the notification to bring the Act into force from 26th October, 2006.

  • Primarily the Act is meant to provide protection to the wife from violence at the hands of the husband or his relatives.

  • The Act extends its protection to women who are sisters, widows or mothers.

  • The Act includes actual abuse or the threat of abuse whether physical, verbal, emotional or economic.

  • Harassment by way of unlawful dowry demands to the woman or her relatives would also be covered under this Act.

  • The Ministry has requested all State Governments and Union Territories to ensure that the necessary administrative arrangements are immediately put in place for the commencement of the Act.

  • The Act will go a long way to provide relief to the women from domestic violence and get their due.


Thus we come to under stand that the role of citizens is crucial in helping Parliament frame laws that protect them. From establishing the need for a new law, to its being passed, at every stage of the process the voice of the citizen is a crucial element.

People can voice their need for a new law through…

  • TV Reports
  • Newspaper Editorials
  • Radio Broadcasts
  • Local Meetings


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