Coupon Accepted Successfully!


Indian Secularism


The Indian Constitution orders that the Indian State be secular.

A Secular State is one in which the state does not officially promote any one religion as the state religion.

The objectives of the Indian constitution that advocates secularism are…

  • One religious community should not dominate another.
  • Some members of a religious community should not dominate other members of the same religious community.
  • The State should not enforce any particular religion nor take away the religious freedom of individuals.

The Indian State works in various ways to prevent the domination of one religious community.

Let us see how the Indian State (Indian constitution) achieves this objective.

The State uses the Strategies of…


  • Strategy of Distancing Itself from Religion.
    • The Indian State is not ruled by a religious group 
    • It does not support any one religion.
    • Law courts, police stations, government schools and offices are not supposed to display or promote any one religion.

Government schools are not permitted to celebrate religious festivals, as students from different religious communities will be studying in the School. Government schools cannot promote any one religion either in their morning prayers. Most religious festivals are a public holiday so that every one can celebrate religious festivals according to their religious beliefs.

  • Strategy of Non-interference.
    • The State makes certain exceptions for particular religious communities in order to respect the sentiments of all religions and not interfere with religious practices.

A Sikh with His Turban


According to the Sikh religious belief, their men folk are required to wear a turban. The state does not interfere with this religious practice of the Sikhs. In accordance with the strategy of non-interference the Sikhs are exempted from wearing a helmet when they ride a 2 wheeler, even if wearing a helmet is a law.


  • Strategy of Intervention.
  • The State intervenes in religion in order to end a social practice that it believes discriminates and excludes members of the same religion.
  • The State intervenes to establish laws relating to equal inheritance rights, in the religion-based ‘personal laws’ of communities.
  • The state also intervenes in the form of support. The Indian Constitution grants the right to religious communities to set up their own schools and colleges. It also gives them financial aid on a non-preferential basis.

In order to prevent the discrimination of the so-called lower caste Hindus by the so-called upper caste Hindus the government has abolished "untouchability".

Fundamental Rights

Right to Equality

Article-17: Abolition of Untouchability
"Untouchability" is abolished and its
practice in any form is forbidden.
The enforcement of any disability
rising out of "Untouchability"
shall be an offence punishable
in accordance with law.


Test Your Skills Now!
Take a Quiz now
Reviewer Name