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Role of the Public Prosecutor and Judge


‘The Prosecutor’ is a lawyer representing the state or the people of the state in a criminal trial.


Role of the Prosecutor

  • The role of the Public Prosecutor begins once the police has conducted the investigation and filed the charge sheet in the court.
  • He represents the interests of the State and conduct the prosecution on behalf of the State.
  • The Public Prosecutor is not involved in the investigation that is conducted by the police.
  • The PP should act impartially and present the full facts, witnesses and evidence before the court to enable the court to decide the case.

The Prosecutor who represents the State is called a Public Prosecutor as a criminal offence is regarded as a public wrong, which has been committed not only against the victim, but also against the society as a whole.


Criminal Cases are always termed as ‘State vs the accused’ as they are considered an offence against the people of the state.


In the case of the Dowry death of Sudha, wife of Laxman Kumar the case was called ‘State (Delhi Administration) vs Laxman Kumar and Others’.


Similarly in the theft case of Shanthi the case was called ‘State vs Shanthi Hembram’


Role of the Judge


Judges play many roles. They interpret the law, assess the evidence presented, and control how hearings and trials unfold in their courtrooms. Most important of all, judges are impartial decision-makers in the pursuit of justice.

  • The judge conducts the trial impartially and in an open court.
  • The judge hears all the witnesses and any other evidence presented by the prosecution and the defence.
  • The judge decides whether the accused person is guilty or innocent on the basis of the evidence presented and in accordance with the law.
  • If the accused is convicted, then the judge pronounces the sentence. He may send the person to jail or impose a fine or both, depending on what the law prescribes.

The judge remains above the case, providing an independent and impartial assessment of the facts and how the law applies to those facts.

Qualities of a Judge

  • The judge is "the pillar of our entire justice system."
  • The Judge has to have irreproachable conduct for performing a judicial function.
  • Judges must strive for the highest standards of integrity in both their professional and personal lives.
  • They should be knowledgeable about the law, willing to undertake in-depth legal research, and able to write decisions that are clear and convincing.
  • Their judgment should be sound and they should be able to make informed decisions that will stand up to close scrutiny.
  • Judges should be fair and open-minded.
  • They should be good listeners but should be able, when required, to ask questions that get to the heart of the issue before the court.
  • They should be courteous in the courtroom but firm when it is necessary.

Chief Justice of India :

The term Chief Justice of India refers to the highest judge in the Supreme Court of India. The Chief Justice not only heads the administrative functions of the Supreme Court but also sits actively as a presiding judge in Court No. 1 of the Supreme Court of India.

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