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  • Criminal justice system is the ‘body of law’ or ‘Court’ regulating the inquiry into whether a person has violated criminal law or not.
  • In the Criminal Justice System the police play the role of investigating the case in the initial stage.
  • When a crime is first reported by the victim in a Police station, the police file a FIR or First Information Report.
  • The Criminal Justice System ensures that every citizen, irrespective of their class, caste, gender, religious and ideological backgrounds gets a fair trial if accused.
  • The right to fair trial is an essential right in all countries respecting the rule of law.
  • Judges play many roles like interpreting the law, assessing the evidence presented, and controlling the hearings and trials unfold in their courtrooms.
  • The Prosecutor’ is a lawyer representing the state or the people of the state in a criminal trial.

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