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Summary

  • The English East India Company came to India to trade in Indian goods.
     

  • During this period of time there was a great industrial revolution all over the world.
     

  • Soon goods manufactured in Britain began to flood India.
     

  • The influx of British goods on the India soil had a tremendous impact on Indian crafts and industries.
     

  • Indian textiles were well known for its fine quality and exquisite craftsmanship.
     

  • There are many other words such as muslin and calico which reveal the reputation of Indian textiles in Western markets.
     

  • In 1764, the spinning jenny was invented and cloth could now be woven cheaply and in immense quantities.
     

  • The development of cotton industries in Britain affected textile producers in India in several ways.
     

  • Ray of hope.
     

  • Indian weaver knew the art of weaving intricate designs.
     

  • Khadi gradually became a symbol of nationalism.
     

  • In 1854 the first cotton mill in India was set up as a Spinning mill in Bombay.
     

  • The first major boost in the development of cotton factory production in India was during the First World War.
     

  • Tipu Sultan’s sword came from a special type of high carbon steel called Wootz.
     

  • Imports of iron and steel from England replaced the iron and steel produced by craftspeople in India.
     

  • As the British establish political power in India the production of Wootz steel stopped and iron smelting furnaces were abandoned.
     

  • The Tata Iron and Steel Company (TISCO) that came up in Jamshedpur began producing steel in 1912.
     

  • Imports of British steel into India declined dramatically and the Indian Railways turned to TISCO for supply of rails.
     

  • Soon TISCO became the biggest steel industry within the British Empire.

  




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