# Summary

• Area of a figure is a unit associated with the part of the plane enclosed by that figure.
• Two congruent figures have equal areas but the figures having equal areas need not be congruent.
• If a planar region formed by a figure X is made up of two non-overlapping planar regions formed by figures A and B, then ar (X) = ar (A) + ar (B), where ar (P) denotes the area of figure P.
• Two figures are said to be on the same base and between the same parallels, if they have a common base and the vertices opposite to the common base of each figure lie on a line parallel to the base.
• Parallelograms on the same base and between the same parallels are equal in area.
• Area of a parallelogram is the product of its base and the corresponding altitude.
• Parallelograms on the same base and having equal areas lie between the same parallels.
• If a parallelogram and a triangle are on the same base and between the same parallels, then area of the triangle is half the area of the parallelogram.
• Triangles on the same base and between the same parallels are equal in area.
• Area of a triangle is half the product of its base and the corresponding altitude.
• Triangles on the same base and having equal areas lie between the same parallels.
• A median of a triangle divides it into two triangles of equal areas.