Loading....
Coupon Accepted Successfully!

 

The Climate of India

India’s climate can be called ‘monsoon climate’. This climate is predominantly found in the South and the Southeast Asia.
 

Temperature and Precipitation (rain-fall) are the two important elements that determine the climatic conditions within a country.
 

Temperature varies from place to place in India.

Given below is a chart that shows you the temperature difference in the five metros in India.

 

Average temperatures in various Indian cities (°C)

Winter
(Jan – Feb)

Summer
(Mar – May)

Monsoon
(Jun – Sep)

Post-monsoon
(Oct – Dec)

City

Avg. Temp.

Avg. Temp.

Avg. Temp.

Avg. Temp.

Bangalore

27

32

26

25

Chennai

28

34

33

28

Kolkata

27

34

31

28

Mumbai

30

32

30

31

New Delhi

20

38

32

20


Just as temperature varies from place to place, rain fall or ‘precipitation’ also varies.

Given below is a chart that shows you the rain-fall distribution in the five metros in India.

 

Average precipitation in various Indian cities (mm)

City

Total Rain- fall Year-round

Bangalore

900

Chennai

1,270

Kolkata

1,601

Mumbai

1,813

New Delhi

642


1. The upper parts of the Himalayas have snow-fall instead of rain-fall.

2. Megalaya receives 400 cm. of rain fall while western Rajasthan receives only 10 cm. of rain-fall.
 

3. The rainy season is from June to September in most parts of India.
 

4. Tamil Nadu coast receives rain during October and November.
 

5. The Coastal regions of India experience less contrasts in temperature conditions, while the interior of the country experience greater contrasts in temperature conditions.
 

6. Climatic variations has resulted in social, economical and cultural differences among the people in various regions in India.

India's unique geography and geology influences its climate strongly. This is particularly true of the Himalayas in the north and the Thar Desert in the northwest. The Himalayas act as a barrier to the frigid katabatic winds flowing down from Central Asia.

Although the Tropic of Cancer, which is the boundary between the tropics and subtropics, passes through the middle of India, the whole country is considered to be tropical.





Test Your Skills Now!
Take a Quiz now
Reviewer Name