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End of Colonialism

Most countries in Asia and Africa were colonies under the control of European nations for a long time. People of the colonized countries struggled to gain independence.

India was one of the few colonies where people carried a nationalist struggle to liberate the country from the colonial rule. India achieved its independence in 1974. From a subject country it emerged into a democratic country.

The Indian Independence Movement was a series of revolutions empowered by the people of India. These revolutions were targeted against the British Empire for complete political independence, beginning with the Rebellion of 1857.

The Independence Movement also served as a major catalyst for similar movements in other parts of the world. It eventual disintegration and dismantling of the British Empire and eventually the British empire was replacement with the Commonwealth of Nations. Gandhi's philosophy of nonviolent resistance inspired many leaders across the world.

At the end of the Second World war, many of the countries became independent.

Most of the countries which struggled for their freedom do not have the same experience.

Let us see what happened in Ghana.

Ghana, a country in western Africa.Ghana was formerly called the Gold Coast.

Kwame Nkrumah was the son of a goldsmith. He was a teacher and lead the independence struggle of his country.

After independence, Nkrumah became the first prime minister and then the President of Ghana.

It was one of the first few countries, in Africa to became independent. It gained independence in (1957).

Ghana’s independence and also inspired other African countries to struggle for freedom.

Unfortunately Kwame Nkrumah, was overthrown by the military in 1966.

Like Ghana, most countries that became democracies after gaining independence had a mixed record. They could not remain as democracies for long.

Kwame Nkrumah


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