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In an imaginary country called Happyland, the people overthrew the foreign ruler and brought back the old royal family. They said: "After all their ancestors were our kings before foreigners started ruling us. It is good that we have one strong ruler, who can help us become rich and powerful".

When someone talked about democracy the wise men said it is a foreign idea. Their struggle was to throw the foreigners and their ideas out of the country. When someone demanded freedom for the media, the elders thought that too much criticism of the ruler would not help them improve their living standards. "After all, the king is so kind and interested in the welfare of all the subjects. Why create problems for him. Don’t we all want to be happy? "
After reading the above passage, Chaman, Champa and Chandru made the following observations:
Chaman: Happyland is a democratic country because people were able to throw out the foreign rulers and bring back the king.
Champa: Happyland is not a democratic country because people cannot criticise the ruler. The king may be nice and may provide economic prosperity, but a king cannot give a democratic rule.
Chandru: What people need is happiness. So they are willing to allow their new ruler to take decisions for them. If people are happy it must be a democracy.

What is your opinion about each of these statements? What do you think about the form of government in this country?


Over throwing foreign rule and the citizens installing the King as the ruler, may be considered as democracy. But in actual fact when a King rules a country it is called a Monarchy and not a democracy.

In a monarchy people do not have the right to criticize the ruler.
They have to accept all his actions.

All long as the king is able to bring happiness to the citizens there is no problem. If the King fails to bring economic prosperity and happiness to the people , unlike a democracy, in a monarchy the people do not have the power to elect another leader.


Here are three opinions heard in a television debate on the struggle
for democracy in Nepal. Which of these do you agree with and why?

Guest 1: India is a democracy. Therefore, the Indian government must support the people of Nepal who are struggling against monarchy and for democracy.
Guest 2: That is a dangerous argument. We would be in the same position as the US was in Iraq. Remember, no outside force can promote democracy.

Guest 3: But why should we bother about the internal affairs of another country? We should be worried about our business interests there, not about democracy.


We are living in an era where globalisation is fast spreading. Trade and movement of people between nations is increasing rapidly. Nepal and India share a common boundary. India being one of the largest democracies in the world, can extend a helping hand to the people of Nepal who are fighting for democracy.

India should help Nepal in a way that it does not hurt the sentiments of the people. It should be within the limits set by the United Nations. Military intervention to restore democracy in Nepal will be wrong. Fight for democracy should basically be an internal matter. It should be achieved without violence, as in India.

It would be totally wrong for a country to ignore the problems of another country. In today’s world it is necessary to maintain international relationship, as we all need the support of one another to survive.


Which of the following positions can contribute to democracy at the global level? Give reasons for your answer in each case.

a. My country gives more money to international institutions. Therefore, I want to be treated with more respect and exercise
more power.
b. My country may be small or poor. But my voice must be heard with equal respect, because these decisions will affect my country.
c. Wealthy nations will have a greater say in international affairs. They cannot let their interests suffer just because they are outnumbered by poor nations.
d. Big countries like India must have a greater say in international organisations.


a. This stand does not contribute towards global democracy. Global Democracy means every country should enjoy equal rights. The amount of money a country can contribute to International Institutions cannot be a yardstick to determine the power a country can have globally.

b. This stand contributes towards global democracy The wealth and size of a country should not matter in global democracy. All countries are equal and everyone’s voice should be heard.

c. This stand does not contribute towards global democracy. Wealthy nations cannot be given any special treatment. There is no question of supremacy in a global democracy . All Nations are equal.

d. This stand also does not contribute towards global democracy. The size or population of a country cannot be used to determine the status of a nation in a global democracy.


Which freedoms are usually taken away when a democracy is overthrown by the military?

People lose their right to choose their own rulers, when a democracy is over thrown by the military. People also lose their freedom of expression and they cannot form any political association.


What are the difficulties people face in a non-democratic country? Give answers drawing from the examples given in this chapter.

People face many difficulties in a non- democratic country.

Some of them are:-

1. People cannot elect their own rulers.

2. People do not have freedom of speech, that is, they cannot express their views.

3. People in a non – democratic country cannot form political associations.

4. People are restricted from organizing protest against the rulers.


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