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Freedom to Travel to Any Part of the Country

We are free to reside and settle in any party of the territory of India. Let us say a person who belongs to the state of Assam wants to start a business in Hyderabad.

He may not have any connection with that city, he may not have even seen it ever. Yet as a citizen of India he has the right to set up base there. This right allows lakhs of people to migrate from villages to towns and from poorer regions of the countries to prosperous regions and big cities. The same freedom extends to choice of occupations. No one can force you to do or not to do a certain job. Women cannot be told that some kinds of occupations are not for them. People from deprived castes cannot be kept to their traditional occupations.

The Constitution says that no person can be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law.

It means that no person can be killed unless the court has ordered a death sentence. It also means that a government or police officer can arrest or detain any citizen unless he has proper legal justification. Even when they do, they have to follow some procedures:

1. A person who is arrested and detained in custody will have to be informed of the reasons for such arrest and detention.

2. A person who is arrested and detained shall be produced before the nearest magistrate within a period of 24 hours of arrest.


3. Such a person has the right to consult a lawyer or engage a lawyer for his defence.


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