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Independent Election Commission

In India , an independent and very powerful Election Commission (EC) conducts the elections. The Election Commission ensures free and fair elections .

Let us see the kind of independence and power the EC enjoys.

  • The President of India appoints the Chief Election Commissioner (CEC).
  • The CEC is the head of the Election Commission.
  • Once appointed, the Chief Election Commissioner is not answerable to the President or the government.
  • Even if the ruling party or the government does not like what the Commission does, it is virtually impossible for it to remove the CEC.
  • Very few election commissions in the world have such wide-ranging powers as the Election Commission of India.
  • EC takes decisions on every aspect of conduct and control of elections from the announcement of elections to the declaration of results.
  • It implements the Code of Conduct and punishes any candidate or party that violates it.

  • During the election period, the EC can order the government to follow some guidelines, to prevent use and misuse of governmental power to enhance its chances to win elections, or to transfer some government officials.
  • When on election duty, government officers work under the control of the EC and not the government.
  • In the last fifteen years the Election Commission has begun to exercise all its powers and even expand them.
  • The Election Commission can reprimand the government for its lapses.
  • When election officials feel that polling has not been fair in some booths or even an entire constituency, they order a repoll.
  • The Election Commission is as independent and powerful as the judiciary in India.

Office of the Election Commission


The present Chief Election Commissioner Mr. Naveen Chawla (will hold the office till July 29 2010)


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