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In a democracy it is neither possible nor necessary for people to govern directly. The most common form of democracy in our times is for the people to govern through their representatives.

Why Elections?
Elections take place regularly in any democracy. There are more than one hundred countries in the world in which elections take place to choose people’s representatives. Elections are held in many countries that are not democratic.

  • Democracy is the rule of the people.
  • It is not possible for all the millions of people of a country to sit down together and take decisions about governing the country.
  • So, all the citizens together choose a few people who will represent them and run the government on their behalf.
  • To choose these few people to run the government we need elections.

There is no other democratic way of selecting representatives other than through elections.

It would be difficult to decide on who is more experienced or knowledgeable, without conducting elections.

Voting through Secret Ballot

A democracy requires a mechanism by which people can choose their representatives at regular intervals and change them if they wish to do so. This mechanism is called election. Therefore, elections are considered essential in our times for any representative democracy.

In an election the voters make many choices
1. They can choose who will make laws for them.

2. They can choose who will form the government and take major decisions.

3. They can choose the party whose policies will guide the government and law making.

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