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India’s Efforts towards Self-Sufficiency in Food Grains

The Indian government has adopted many measures to achieve self-sufficiency in food grains.

The most notable are the ‘Green Revolution’ especially in the production of wheat and rice.

The Green Revolution was the worldwide transformation of agriculture that led to significant increases in food grain production.

The second nation to which the Green Revolution spread was India. By the late 1970s, the Green Revolution raised rice yields in India by 30 percent and made India self- sufficient in food grain production. Thus the Green Revolution ensured that there was no recurrence of the devastating famines of the 1940s.


Indira Gandhi, the then Prime Minister of India, released a special stamp entitled ‘Wheat Revolution’ in July 1968, to officially record the impressive results of the Green Revolution.

The success story of Wheat production was also reflected in rice production. The production of rice increased three fold.

The increase in food grain production was not the same in all the Sates in India.

  • Punjab and Haryana recorded the highest growth rate.
  • Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, recorded significant increases in rice yield.
  • Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa and the North-eastern states continued to stagger.
  • The Green Revolution changed the food position in India. Now there was ‘food security’ in India.

    India was thus self-sufficient in food grain production.

    Now that food grains was available in plenty in India, it was necessary to ensure that this was a the case even a period of drought or floods. To ensure this a ‘buffer stock’ has to be maintained and this buffer stock should be distributed at times of need, to the common man.

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