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How did the Forest Rules Affect Cultivation?

In India shifting cultivation or swidden agriculture was followed.

Shifting Cultivation


In shifting cultivation, a part of the forest was burnt and after the first monsoons, the seeds were sown on the ashes itself.
Harvest was done in October – November.
After two or three years, it was left free for the forests to grow for next 12 to 18 years.


Shifting Cultivation

The British felt that in ‘shifting cultivation’ there were many dangers. When forests were burnt for cultivation, valuable timber will be lost, It would be difficult for the British to collect taxes when ‘shifting cultivation’ was practised.
So, they banned shifting cultivation.


Due to this ban, villagers who depended on ‘shifting cultivation’ were left with no livelihood.


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