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Essential features of storage structures


Proper planning is required when food is to be stored on a large scale and for long periods. Storehouses should be such that they can keep food material free of biotic and abiotic factors that bring about food spoilage. Some other important factors to be considered in the context of storehouses are as follows:

1. They should be conveniently located, i.e. near railway stations or national highways.

2. They should be easy to clean and fumigate (i.e. treatment with fumes of chlorine, sulphur, neem leaves), and must be waterproof.

3. They should be located away from factories which let out poisonous gases and other wastes.

4. They should not be close to garbage dumps, nullahs, and so on.

5. They should be suitable for easy spray of insecticides and pesticides.

6. They should not allow the entry of rodents, birds, and other animals.

7. They should always be maintained at a constant but low temperature.

8. It should be possible to lock them and the food should be arranged such that it can be inspected periodically, so that remedial measures can be taken if there are pests or in case there is any kind of infection.


For best success in storing grain:

1. Clean grain to remove chaff, weed seeds, and broken kernels.

2. Handle grain gently to minimize cracked and broken kernels

3. Store grain at the recommended moisture.

4. Aerate stored grain to maintain a cool and, uniform recommended temperature.

5. Check stored grain frequently and take immediate action to eliminate problems.


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