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  • Adolf Hitler was born on 20 April 1889 in Braunau am Inn, Austria-Hungary.
  • Hitler was against the Jews and killed many of them.
  • Democratic constitution with a federal structure was formed by the National Assembly after the loss of Germany in the World War-I and had a meeting at Weimar.
  • Many Germans accused the Weimar Republic for harsh and humiliating Versailles treaty.
  • The First World War had a great impact on the European Society and Polity.
  • Along with the Weimar Republic there came another revolutionary uprising called Spartacist League which was based on the pattern of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia and demanded Soviet style governance.
  • Germany fought the war on loans and had to pay war reparations only in gold which depleted the gold reserves when there was a scarcity for resource.
  • As a result of reckless printing of paper currency, the value of the German mark collapsed and prices of goods soared.
  • Germany came out of the difficult situation with the introduction of Dawes Plan by the Americans.
  • The national income of the US fell by nearly 50% between 1929 and 1932due to the Great Economic Depression.
  • The Great Economic Depression in the USA had a great effect on Germany.
  • The people shattered by the treaty of Versailles and the political and economic crisis, were very easily drawn towards the Nazism through Nazi propaganda which projected Hitler as a saviour.
  • Hitler was able to attract the people with his powerful speeches. He also made a number of promises.

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