The Effects of the War
The war had a Devastating Impact on the European Continent in all respects
- The continent became a continent of debtors.
- The young Weimar Republic had to pay for the faults of the old empire.
- The Republic had to carry the burden of war guilt and national humiliation.
- It was forced to pay a huge war indemnity which crippled it financially.
- The socialists, Catholics and Democrats who supported the Weimar Republic were criticised by the nationalists as the "November Criminals".
The Impact of the War on the European Society and Polity
- The soldiers were placed above the civilians.
- Politicians and publicists emphasized the need for men to be aggressive, strong and masculine.
- Trench life was glorified by the media though in actual practice the soldiers led a miserable life in the trench with rats feeding on the corpses and faced poisonous gas.
- Though aggressive war and national honour was brought to the fore front, people were in support of conservative dictatorship.
- Among the instabilities of interwar Europe democracy could not survive, as it was a new idea.
Impact of War on the European Society