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Gujjar Cattle Herders of Garhwal

Further to the east, in Garhwal and Kumaon, the Gujjar cattle herders came down to the dry forests of the Bhabar in winter, and went up to the high meadows - the Bugyals - in summer.
Many of them were originally from Jammu and came to the UP hills in the nineteenth century in search of good pastures.

This pattern of cyclical movements between summer and winter pastures was typical of many pastoral communities of the Himalayas, including the Bhotiyas, Sherpas and Kinnauris. When the pastures were exhausted or unusable they moved their herds and flocks to new areas. This continuous movement also allowed the pastures to recover and prevented their overuse. 

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