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The Islands

There are two major offshore islands in India.

 (i) The Lakshadweep Islands.

(ii) The Andaman And Nicobar Islands. 

(i) The Lakshadweep Islands


Lakshadweep Islands

The Lakshadweep islands lie 200 to 300 km off the coast of Kerala in the Arabian Sea. It consists of many coral reefs.


Coral Reefs

Ten of these islands are inhabited.
Earlier these islands were known as Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindive. In 1973 these were named as Lakshadweep.


Area 32 sq. Km
Administrative Headquarters Kavaratti island

(ii) The Andaman And Nicobar Islands
The Andaman & Nicobar Islands are located between 6o and 14o North latitude and 92o and 94o East longitude. These islands consist of 572 isles that lie in the Bay of Bengal, near the Myanmar coast. It is located 1255 km from Kolkata .
The territory consists of two island groups:

  • The Andaman Islands: The Andaman islands consist of 204 islands having a total length of 352 km
  • The Nicobar Islands: The Nicobar Islands, which lie south of the Andamans, consists of twenty-two islands with a total area of 1,841 km² The highest point is Mount Thullier at 642 m . Indira Point, India's southernmost land point is situated in the Nicobar islands, and lies just 189 km from the Indonesian island of Sumatra to the southeast.

These islands lie close to equator and experience equatorial climate and have thick forest cover.

The physical features of India are diverse and numerous and they complement each other and make the country richer in its natural resources.


1. The northern mountains are the major sources of water and forest wealth.

2. The northern plains are the granaries of the country. They provided the base for early civilisations.

3. The plateau is a storehouse of minerals, and has played a important role in industrialisation .

4. The coastal region and island groups provide sites for fishing and port activities.

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