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Sex Ratio

India Sex ratio (2000)


Sex ratio refers to the number of females per 1000 males of population. This is used as a social indicator to measure the equality between the number of males and females in a society at a given time.

The Table below gives the Sex Ratio from 1951 to 2001.

Child Sex ratio (Females per 1000 males)

Literacy Rates


World Literacy rate


India - Literacy rate


Literacy Rate is a qualitative aspect of a population. An educated and knowledgeable population can contribute considerably to the development of the country.

A literate is defined as a person aged 7 years or more who can read and write with understanding in any language.

There is a positive trend in literacy rate in the Indian population.

According to the the 2001 India census, India's national literacy is only 65.2 percent. Literacy drive is spreading slowly in India. India's youth (age 15 to 24) literacy rate was 76.4% between 2000 and 2004. At the current increase in literacy rates, India will take no less than 20 years for a literacy of 95%. Literacy in India is not uniform among all the States. The southern state of Kerala recorded a 90.92% literacy rate in 2001, while the northern state of Bihar was considerably lower at 47.53%. India's overall adult literacy rate (61.3% in 2002), is slightly higher than other nations in South Asia.

Occupational Structure


The level of economy in a country widely differs due to the occupation adopted by the population. Occupational structure is the distribution of population according to various occupations.


In developed countries, more people are involved in secondary and tertiary activities.   Developing countries have a higher proportion of population in primary activities. In India, about 64% of the population is engaged in agriculture.
Nowadays, an occupation shift from primary to secondary and tertiary activities is found due to urbanization and industrialization.


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