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Anti-Poverty Measures

Removal of poverty has been the biggest challenge to the Indian Government.


The Government of India is dealing with poverty on two fronts:

  • Promotion of economic growth
  • Anti-poverty programmes.
  • India’s economic growth has been one of the fastest in the world.

  • 1970s                -  3.5 per cent a year
  • 1980s and 1990s -  6 per cent a year
  • The high economic growth rate has helped in the reduction of poverty.

    The above statistics shows that there is a strong link between economic growth and poverty reduction.

    Economic growth widens opportunities and provides the resources needed to invest in human development.

    Let us look at the various development programmes formulated by the Indian government, to eradicate poverty

    National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA)

    • National Employment Guarantee Funds
    • State Employment Guarantee Funds

    The Act provides 100 days assured employment every year to every rural household in 200 districts. The State Employment Guarantee Fund was established for the scheme to be implemented in all the respective states.


    National Food for Work Programme (NFWP)

    This scheme is implemented in 150 most backward states. The programme is open to all rural poor who are in need of employment and desire to do manual unskilled work. Food grain is provided in lieu of wages.

  • Prime Minister Rozgar Yozana (PMRY).
  • Rural Employment Generation Programme.
  • The aim of the above 2 programmes is to create self-employment opportunities for educated unemployed youth in rural areas and small towns

    Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY)
    The programme aims at bringing poor families above the poverty line by organising them into self help groups by granting them bank credit and government subsidy.

    Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yozana (PMGY)
    Assistance is given to states for basic services such as primary health, primary education, rural shelter, rural drinking water and rural electrification.

    Antyodaya Anna Yozana (AAY)
    One crore families below the poverty line are provided with free food grains through the

    Public Distribution System
    The results of these programmes have been mixed. The scheme has not been very effective as it has not been implemented properly and it has not reached the deserving people.

    The government of India is now taking steps to monitor the proper implementation of these programmes and ensure that the targeted group benefits from it.

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