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Global Poverty Scenario

According to the world Bank the percentage of people below the poverty line has fallen from 28% in the year 1990 to 21% in the year 2001.

Unfortunately the substantial reduction in global poverty, is marked with great regional differences.

Now let us have a look at the rate of poverty reduction in different places across the globe:



% of poverty Reduction



Number of poor in China has come down from 606 million in 1981 to 212 million in 2001.


India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan

The number of poor has declined marginally from 475 million in 1981 to 428 million in 2001.



poverty in fact rose from 41 per cent in 1981 to 46 per cent in 2001


Latin America

the ratio of poverty has remained the same.



Poverty has resurfaced where officially it was nonexistent

The international poverty line has been the yardstick to determine the poverty level internationally.

The international poverty line as defined the World Bank defines poverty as living on less than US$ 1 per day,


World map showing percentage of population living on less than 1 dollar per day.

The Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations calls for reducing the proportion of people living on less than $1 a day to half the 1990 level by 2015.

The Millennium Development Goals are eight goals that 192 United Nations member states have agreed to try to achieve by the year 2015.

The Millennium Development Goals were signed in September 2000. The eight goals are as follows: -

1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

2. Achieve universal primary education

3. Promote gender equality and empower women

4. Reduce child mortality

5. Improve maternal health

6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases

7. Ensure environmental sustainability.

8. Develop a global partnership for development 

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