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  • The word poverty is described as a state of being poor, that is the state of not having enough money to take care of basic needs such as food, clothing, and housing.
The indicators of poverty are,
  • The levels of income and consumption illiteracy level,
  • lack of general resistance due to malnutrition,
  • lack of access to healthcare,
  • lack of job opportunities and lack of access to safe drinking water and sanitation.
  • Poverty Line is based on the income or consumption levels. It is based on the price of basic necessities and is usually determined by the respective governments.
  • A person is considered poor or below ‘the poverty line’, if his or her income or consumption level falls below a given "minimum level" necessary to fulfil basic needs.
  • The governments of States like Orissa, Chhattisgarh, Bihar and Jharkhand have to take drastic measures to lift its citizens above the poverty line.
  • The proportion of people below poverty line is not same for all social groups and economic categories in India.
  • According to the world Bank the percentage of people below the poverty line has fallen from 28% in the year 1990 to 21% in the year 2001.
  • The Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations calls for reducing the proportion of people living on less than $1 a day to half the 1990 level by 2015.
  • Low level of economic development under the British colonial administration, Policies of the colonial government ruined traditional handicrafts, the colonial government discouraged development of industries like textiles, low rate of growth persisted until the nineteen eighties and a high growth rate of population are some of the causes for poverty in India.
  • Removal of poverty has been the biggest challenge to the Indian Government and it has taken many measures to reduce poverty.

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