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Vulnerable Groups

The proportion of people below poverty line is not same for all social groups and economic categories in India.

Social groups which are most vulnerable to poverty

  • Scheduled caste and scheduled tribes
  • Rural agricultural labour households
  • Urban casual labour households
  • Now let us look at some statistics to prove this point

  • The average for people below poverty line for all groups in India is 26 %
  • The average for people below poverty line belonging to the scheduled tribes is 51 %
  • The average for casual workers in urban areas below poverty line is 50 %
  • The average for landless agricultural workers below poverty line is 50 %
  • The average for people below poverty line belonging to the scheduled castes is 43 %
  • The population of the socially disadvantaged groups of the scheduled caste or the scheduled tribe highlights the seriousness of the problem India is facing.

    Recent studies have shown that except for the scheduled tribe households, their has been economic advancement in scheduled castes, rural agricultural labourers and the urban casual labour Households.
    Another disturbing feature is the inequality in the distribution of incomes within a family.

    Women, elderly people and female infants are denied equal access to resources available to the family.

    Let us look at the life of Sivaraman to establish this point

    • Sivaraman lives in a small village near Karur town in Tamil Nadu.
    • He is an as an agricultural labourer and earns Rs. 50 per day.
    • He is able to find employment for only 6 months in a year.
    • His family consists of his mother, his unmarried sister, his wife, his 3 daughters and son.
    • His mother is sick, but health care is a luxury for her.
    • His sister only does household work.
    • Sivaraman does not send his daughters to school as he cannot afford to educate 4 children
    • So, Sivaraman sends only his son to school.

    From the above facts we can come to the conclusion that every one in a family do not enjoy equal benefits of the income.

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