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Industrialization


Industrialization
 

At the close of the nineteenth century, the Russian population had doubled and her economic conditions turned from bad to worse. To solve some of the major economic problems such as unemployment and poverty, the Czarist government launched a new programme of industrialization. The industrialization of Russia, which began in the late 1870’s resulted in the employment of many and the development of modern industry. However in the long run, it created other serious problems such as exploitation of labour and bad living conditions. The condition of the working class remained as hopeless as ever.


Popular discontentment rose to a new height when Russia was defeated by a tiny Asiatic country Japan, in the Russo-Japanese war (1904-1905).The Czarist government stood exposed for its ineptitude. At the war the Russians suffered a humiliating defeat and signed a number of secret treaties with Japan. As a result of their defeat, a large number of secret revolutionary parties sprang up. The Social Democratic Party was most radical in its character. The Social Democrats turned to catch the attention of industrial workers in the Russian cities and their moral mentor was Karl Marx.
 





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