Coupon Accepted Successfully!


The Coming of Socialism in Europe

By the mid nineteenth century socialism became popular and attracted many in Europe.

Socialist Idea :

  • They were against private property. 
  • Private property was the root cause for all social ills. 
  • The propertied individual owners were concerned only about their own profits. 
  • The welfare of the workers was neglected. 
  • They wanted society controlled property rather than individually owned as that would pay more attention to the social interest.

The Great Socialists and their Vision

  • Robert Owen (1771 – 1858)

Robert Owen was an English Manufacturer. He advocated a cooperative community called New Harmony in Indiana (USA). But some socialists felt that cooperatives could not be built on a wide scale through individual initiative. So, they said that the governments should encourage cooperatives.

Robert Owen

  • Louis Banc of France (1813 – 1882)

Louis Banc wanted the government to encourage cooperatives and replace the capitalist enterprises. People who produced goods were to form this association and the profits to be divided according to the work done.

Louis Blanc

  • Karl Marx (1818 – 1883)

Karl Marx called the industrial society as ‘Capitalist’. These capitalists owned the capital invested in factories. The workers produced the profit for the capitalists. Karl Marx felt that the condition of the workers would improve only if the workers over threw the capitalists and the rule of private property. So, Marx said that the workers had to create a society where the property was socially controlled. Only in such a radically socialist society the workers would be freed from the capitalist exploitation. According to Karl Marx such a society would be a communist society and he called it as the natural society of the future.

Karl Marx

Karl Marx – A Short Biography

Karl Heinrich Marx was born the third of seven children of a Jewish family in Trier, in the Kingdom of Prussia's Province of the Lower Rhine.

Marx was educated at home until the age of thirteen. After graduating from the Trier Gymnasium, Marx enrolled in the University of Bonn in 1835 at the age of seventeen to study law.

Marx was interested in studying philosophy and literature, During this period, Marx wrote many poems and essays concerning life, using the theological language acquired from his liberal, deistic father, such as "the Deity"


Religious suffering is, at one and the same time, the expression of real suffering and a protest against real suffering. Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, and the soul of soulless conditions. It is the opium of the people

— (Contribution to the Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right)

The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.

— (The Communist Manifesto, Chapter 1)

A spider conducts operations that resemble those of a weaver, and a bee puts to shame many an architect in the construction of her cells. But what distinguishes the worst architect from the best of bees is this, that the architect raises his structure in imagination before he erects it in reality.

— (Capital, Vol. I, Chap. 7, Pt. 1)

Test Your Skills Now!
Take a Quiz now
Reviewer Name