The Provisional Government
The Duma formed a provisional government.
A moderate social revolutionary called Alexander Karensky, who introduced a number of social reforms, headed the provisional government. But these reforms did not please the radical groups and they soon accused the government of protecting the interest of the bourgeoisie and upper classes instead of the working and the lower classes. This provisional government was unable to provide radical solutions to some of the acute problems such as food shortage, redistribution of lands among peasants and unemployment. Furthermore, it wanted to vigorously pursue war in spite of numerous setbacks. So, Menshevik government weakened due to the leadership of Karensky. The defeat of Russia, at the war, seemed imminent.