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Land Distribution and Labour in Palampur

Four things are needed for farming activities, as seen earlier:

  • Land
  • Labour
  • Capital
  • Management or sale of the produce

Now let us look at the first two aspect

  • Land

Land distribution in the imaginary village of Palampur in not even.

  • There are 450 families in Palampur.
  • 150 families , mostly Dalits, do not possess any land.
  • 240 families have very small plots of land, that is, less than 2 hectares in size.
  • 60 families of have medium or large farms, that is, more than 2 hectares of land.

Now let us look at the family of Gobind.

  • Gobind was a farmer with 2.25 hectares of largely unirrigated land.
  • Gobind and his 3 sons worked on this land.
  • The yield from this land was very minimum. They family made some extra income from a buffalo they owned.
  • After Gobind’s death the land was distributed equally among his sons.
  • Each son got . 0.75 hectares of land
  • This land was not sufficient to earn enough money for the family
  • So, Gobind’s sons had to look for additional work during part of the year.

From this we understand that the distribution of land in the village of Palampur was not even.

  • Labour
  • Farming requires a great deal of hard work.
  • Usually small farmers cultivate their own fields. The family members themselves provide the labour required for farming.
  • Farmers having medium and large farms hire farm labourers from out side, to work on their fields.
  • Farm labourers are usually villagers who do not own any land or have very small plots of land, where the yield does not bring sufficient income.
  • These farm labourers receive wages either in the form of cash or crops.
  • The work that the farm labourers do is sowing seeds, and harvesting
  • They are either employed on a daily basis for the whole year or for a particular farm activity like harvesting,

Now let us look at Dala a landless farm labourer in the imaginary village of Palampur

  • Dala is a landless farm labourer who works on daily wages basis.
  • Dala gets only Rs. 35–40 per day, though the minimum wages set by the government    for a farm labourer is Rs. 60 per day.
  • As there are many landless labourers in Palampur, there is heavy competition, and the wealthy landowners take advantage of this and pay the labourers less than they deserve.

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