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Methods to attain Higher yield in Crop Cultivation

As mentioned earlier, in the imaginary village of Palampur, the land under cultivation is fixed, that is, there is no scope of bringing more land under the plough.

Such being the case, the farmers of Palampur, have increased the yield by adapting modern irrigational methods and multiple cropping.

Now let us see what other methods they have adapted to increase the yield further.

We talk about yield, in terms of cultivation.


Yield is the amount of crop produced on a given piece of land during a single crop season.

The farmers of Palampur starting using High Yielding Variety of Seeds (HYVs) to increase crop cultivation in the fixed land they have.


Let us now compare the Traditional Seeds with the High Yielding Variety Seeds.

SI. No.

Traditional Seeds

High Yielding Variety Seeds


Relatively low yield

Very high yield


Less water is sufficient

More water is needed


Natural manure like cow-dung will suffice

Chemical fertilizers are necessary


Pesticides are not necessary

Pesticides are necessary


Lesser amount of grain on a single plant

Greater amount of grain on a single plant


Yield is approximately 1300kg. per hectare.

Yield is approximately 3200 kg. per hectare

So, to increase the yield farmers of Palampur

  • Used High Yielding Variety Seeds.
  • They used chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
  • They used modern irrigation methods so that they can have more water.
  • They used tractors and threshers which made ploughing and harvesting easy

They farmers of Palampur thrived by employing these modern methods in farming

Now let us move on to the real India from the imaginary village of Palampur

The Green Revolution of 1960s was a turning point for the Indian farmers.

The green revolution

The Green Revolution

The Green Revolution was the worldwide transformation in agriculture and it led to significant increases in agricultural production between the 1940s and 1960s. This transformation was due to agricultural research, and infrastructural development. This research was funded by the Rockefeller Foundation and a few other Agencies.

The Green Revolution in agriculture helped food production to keep pace with the growth in population around the world. This Revolution had major social and ecological impacts.

The term "Green Revolution" was first coined in the year 1968. The main success of this Revolution was the development of high-yielding maize and wheat varieties.

The second nation to which the Green Revolution spread was India. The Ford Foundation and the Indian government collaborated to import a huge amount of wheat seeds.

India soon began its own Green Revolution program of plant breeding, irrigation development, and financing of agrochemicals. By the end of 1970s, the Green Revolution raised rice yields in India by 30 percent.


Norman Ernest Borlaug

Norman Ernest Borlaug was an American agricultural scientist, humanitarian, Nobel laureate, and the father of the Green Revolution. He developed semi-dwarf high-yield, disease-resistant wheat varieties.

During the mid-20th century, Borlaug introduced his grain and modern agricultural production techniques to Mexico, Pakistan, and India.


Farmers of Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh were the first to try out the modern farming method in India.

Modern methods of farming and its impact on our environment.


The over-use of chemical fertilizers is harmful to the soil fertility of the land , which is a natural resource.

Deep-bore wells used to irrigate the land is fast depleting the underground water table which again a natural resource.

Natural resources like land and water are built over hundreds of years. If destroyed it is hard to replace them.

So, man has to use his discretion while using modern methods in farming or else he will be causing irreparable damage to our environment.

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