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Features of Democracy

Let us once again see what form of government can be called is a democracy

Democracy is a form of government in which the rulers are elected by the people.

This being the case , we are faced with many questions.

  • Which officials must be elected for any government to be called a democracy?
  • What kind of election constitutes a democratic election?
  • Who are the people who can elect the rulers or get elected as rulers?
  • Can elected rulers do whatever they want?
  • Can they indulge in malpractices and fraud?

Let us see if Pakistan can be called a Democratic country.


Pakistan under General Musharraf cannot be called a democracy.

General Pervez Musharraf led a military coup in October 1999. He overthrew a democratically elected government and declared himself the ‘Chief Executive’ of the country.

After this Elections were held to the national and state assemblies. So Pakistan has had elections, elected representatives have some powers. But the final power rests with military officers and General Musharraf himself.

Pakistani People elected their representatives to the national and provincial assemblies but those elected representatives are not really the rulers. They cannot take the final decisions. The power to take final decision rests with army officials and with General Musharraf.,

General Musharraf and army officials were not elected by the people.

Thus in Pakistan it is only a dictatorship form of Government.

The same is applicable in many monarchies. They have a formally elected parliament and government but the real power is with those who are not elected.

General Parvez Musharraf




In a democracy the final decision making power must rest with those elected by the people.


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