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Here is some information about four countries. Based on this information, how would you classify each of these countries. Write ‘democratic’, ‘undemocratic’ or ‘not sure’ against each of these.
(a) Country A: People who do not accept the country’s official religion do not have a right to vote.
(b) Country B: The same party has been winning elections for the last twenty years.
(c) Country C: Ruling party has lost in the last three elections.
(d) Country D: There is no independent election commission.
(a) Undemocratic
(b) Not sure
(c) Democratic
(d) Undemocratic


d. Country S: All the major economic decisions about the country are taken by officials of the central bank which the ministers cannot change.


a. Country P: The parliament cannot pass a law about the army without the consent of the Chief of Army - Undemocratic.

b. Country Q: The parliament cannot pass a law reducing the powers of the judiciary - Democratic.

c. Country R: The country’s leaders cannot sign any treaty with another country without taking permission from its neighbouring country - Not sure.

d. Country S: All the major economic decisions about the country are taken by officials of the central bank which the ministers cannot change - Undemocratic.


Democracies are more prosperous than others.


The statement, ‘Democracies are more prosperous than others’ is not a good argument in favour of democracy.

The prosperity of a country does not depend on the political status of the country, as to whether it is Democratic or Non-democratic.

The prosperity of a country only depends on the correct economic policies the government takes. It also depends on the natural resources available in the country.

For example , China which is a non-democratic country is very prosperous, while Srilanka, a democratic country is not as prosperous.


c. Women’s representation in the parliament has never reached 10 per cent. This led women’ organisations to demand one-third seats for women.


a. i. A minister said that some laws have to be passed by the parliament - democratic element.

ii. To conform to the regulations decided by the World Trade Organisation - undemocratic element.

b. i. The Election Commission ordered re-polling in a constituency - democratic element.

ii. large scale rigging was reported - undemocratic element.

c. i. Women’s representation in the parliament has never reached 10 per cent - undemocratic element

ii. This led women’ organisations to demand one-third seats for women - democratic element.


d. People are free to believe in and practice any religion.


‘People are free to believe in and practice any religion’ is not a valid reason for arguing that there is a lesser possibility of famine in a democratic country.


d. Paying money to government officials to get water.


‘Paying money to government officials to get water’ is not a democratic method to ensure that the government provides drinking water to the villages.


c. If we want religious leaders to guide us in spiritual matters, why not invite them to guide us in politics as well. The country should be ruled by religious leaders.


a. The army does not represent the people of a country. They are not elected by the people. So Army rule is against democracy.

b. A democracy is where the wise and the ignorant are given equal status. If only representatives of the wise-minority form a government it will be the rule of a minority group and not a democracy. The voice of the ignorant will not be heard.

c. Citizens of a country may belong to different religions. A democracy cannot be managed by religious leaders because religious beliefs are personal and differ from man to man. A democratic government should deal with the needs and problems of all the citizens equally.


c. Employee to the officer: Our working hours must be reduced according to the law.


a. The father’s statement is not in keeping with democratic values. Every adult has the right to choose their life partner. The father does not have the right to impose his will on his daughter against her wishes.

b. The teacher’s statement also is not in keeping with democratic values.

The students have a right to ask questions in class if they do not understand the lesson. It will not be within their rights to disturb the class.

c. The demands of the employee is legitimate. Working hours of employees in the organised sector in a democracy are determined by the government.


e. The government owns the radio and television in the country. All the newspapers have to get permission from the government to publish any news about government’s policies and protests.


a. It is a democratic country. Only in a democracy all citizens have an equal right to vote and elections are held regularly.

b. In a democracy the country has to look after the welfare of the citizens. The condition of reducing its expenses on education and health is against the welfare of the people.

c. In a democracy education should be available in all the languages, because all the people should have equal rights. The official language can be the language of the majority of the people.

d. It is undemocratic to arrest the leaders. In a democracy people have a right to express their opinion in a peaceful manner.

e. A democracy has freedom of press, that is the media has a right to air and publish its views. It is undemocratic when a government demands that permission has to be got to express ones views.


Write an essay on ‘Democracy and Poverty’ using the information given in this report but using examples from India.


Democracy is a form of government in which the rulers are elected by the people. In Democratic countries the vote of the majority decides as to who will rule the country. The government that is elected by the majority serves the country as a whole.

According to the report given, the blacks are economically very much weaker than the Whites. The average income of the black families is much lower than the white families.

According to the report, 90% of the votes polled belong to people of higher income group. But the people from the higher income group only comprise of 20 % of the entire population. From this we can understand that, in the Presidential elections only a small section of the people have been represented. This is not in favour of democracy were all the citizens should be represented equally.

Only 5 % of the 80 % of the poor population voted in the election. This again reveals that it was not represented equally.

There report states that political parties are formed by a majority of rich people and the poor are hardly in politics. The uneven representation in politics will be unfavourable to the poor. Only the voice of the rich will be noticed. The problems of the poor, like poverty, housing, education and health care will not be given much importance.

So in a democracy, the rich and the poor have to be represented equally. Also the voice of the majority has to be heard.

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