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Diarrhoea and Gastroentritis

Diarrhoeal disease forms a group of intestinal infection, including food poisoning. Diarrhoea is an abnormally frequent discharge of semi-fluid or fluid faeces.

Gastroenteritis is a disease that includes a number of infections in which acute diarrhoea is accompanied with vomiting.


Symptoms of diarrhoea include decreased appetite, nausea, vomiting, dehydration, etc. Infection of diarrhoea spread through contaminated food, water, drinks, hands, clothes etc. The causative agents of diarrhoea include bacteria such as E.coli, Shigella, Salmonella etc.


(a) Eatables should be covered to prevent their contamination.

(b) Fruits and vegetables should be properly washed before use.

(c) Personal hygiene and community hygiene are very essential.


(a) Complete bed rest should be ensured till the illness is fully controlled.

(b) Anti-microbial drugs are used for treatment.

(c) Husk of isabgol seed with water or curd provides relief.

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