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Census of India and Nsso

  • There are some agencies both at the national and state level, which collect, process and tabulate the statistical data. 
  • Some of the major agencies at the national level are Census of India, National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO), Central Statistical Organisation (CSO), Registrar General of India (RGI), Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence and Statistics (DGCIS), Labour Bureau etc.
  • The Census of India provides the most complete and continuous demographic record of population.
  • The Census is being regularly conducted every ten years since 1881. The first Census after Independence was held in 1951. 
  • The Census collects information on various aspects of population such as the size, density, sex ratio, literacy, migration, rural urban distribution etc.
  • Census in India is not merely a statistical operation, the data is interpreted and analysed in an interesting manner.
  • The NSSO was established by the government of India to conduct nation-wide surveys on socioeconomic issues. 
  • The NSSO does continuous surveys in successive rounds. 
  • The data collected by NSSO surveys, on different socio economic subjects, are released through reports and its quarterly journal Sarvekshana. 
  • NSSO provides periodic estimates of literacy, school enrolment, utilisation of educational services, employment, unemployment, manufacturing and service sector enterprises, morbidity, maternity, child care, utilisation of the public distribution system etc. 
  • The NSS 59th round survey (January–December 2003) was on land and livestock holdings, debt and investment. 
  • The NSS 60th round survey (January–June 2004) was on morbidity and health care. 
  • The NSSO also undertakes the fieldwork of Annual survey of industries, conducts crop estimation surveys, collects rural and urban retail prices for compilation of consumer price index numbers.

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