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Demographic Indicators


India and China are the most populated nations of the world. The population of Pakistan is around 10% of that of China and India. China is the most populous country but its population density is low.

Select Demographic Indicators, 2000-01

 

Country

Estimated

Population

(in millions)

Annual Growth

Density

(per km)

Sex Ratio

Fertility Rate

Urbanization

India

 

China

 

Pakistan

1103.6

 

1303.7

 

162.4

1.7

 

1

 

2.5

358

 

138

 

193

933

 

937

 

922

3.0

 

1.8

 

5.1

27.8

 

36.1

 

33.4

 

The above table shows that the growth rate is highest in Pakistan and lowest in China. The low growth rate is attributed to the one child norm in China which was introduced in 1970s. This lead to a decrease in the sex ratio which is the number of women per 1000 men. It can be noticed that the sex ratio is biased against women. This is because of the preference of a son over daughter in all the three countries. All the three countries are trying to stem the growth rate by introducing one child norms. This has other implications too. For example, in China, there will be a lot of elderly people compared to number of younger people. Hence the government would have to take steps to provide social security measures. Urbanization is the lowest in India and the fertility rate is highest in Pakistan.




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