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Employment in Firms, Factories and Offices

As a country develops economically, labour from the agricultural sector moves into the industrial sector. As the development becomes more rapid, it is the service industry which gains the major share of the workforce. Economic activities are divided into eight industrial divisions namely:
  1. Agriculture
  2. Mining and Quarrying
  3. Manufacturing
  4. Electricity, Gas and Water Supply
  5. Construction
  6. Trade
  7. Transport and Storage
  8. Services
All these can be clubbed into three sectors: a) primary sector which consists of the divisions 1 and 2. b). Secondary sector which includes 3,4 and 5. c). Service sector which includes 6,7 and 8.

Distribution of Workforce Industry, 1999-2000 (in %)


Industrial Category

Place of Residence



Rural Urban Male Female  
Primary Sector 76.7 9.6 53.8 75.1 60.4
Secondary Sector 10.8 31.5 17.6 11.8 15.8
Service Sector 12.5 59.1 28.6 13.1 23.8
Total 100 100 100 100 100


The primary sector is the main source of employment for almost 61% of the population of our country. The secondary sector provides for just 16% of the population and the service sector for 23%. The above table also shows that most of the rural India especially the rural women are dependent on the primary sector for employment. Service sector is a major source of employment in the urban sector while it is not so in the rural sector. The secondary sector gives employment for about 30% of the urban workers Men seem to be evenly distributed between the services and the industry sector.

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