# Conclusion

Although Range is the simplest to calculate and understand, it is unduly affected by extreme values. QD is not affected by extreme values as it is based on only middle 50% of the data. However, it is more difficult to interpret M.D. and S.D. both are based upon deviations of values from their average. M.D. calculates average of deviations from the average but ignores signs of deviations and therefore appears to be unmathematical. Standard Deviation attempts to calculate average deviation from mean. Like M.D., it is based on all values and is also applied in more advanced statistical problems. It is the most widely used measure of dispersion.