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Poverty Alleviation Programs: A Critical Assessment

The efforts taken to address to counter and eradicate poverty have been partly successful. The poverty levels have decreased. Still hunger, malnourishment, illiteracy and lack of basic amenities still prevail in many parts of India. Though efforts have been put for the past 55 odd years still there has been no radical change in the ownership of assets, process of production and improvement in the basic level of the needy.

Three major factors which prevent the successful implementation of poverty eradication are:
  1. Unequal distribution of land which has resulted in the schemes benefiting the non poor.
  2. The resources and funds allocated to these programs are insufficient.
  3. Non participation of local level institutions in the implementation of programs and lack of commitment and corruption prevailing in the bank and government officials.
The government has also not found a solution for the people who are just above the poverty line. High growth alone will not reduce poverty. It can be eradicated only if he poor also actively participate and help the government in the successful implementation of the programs. The poor have to be made aware of the various schemes and benefits available to them so that they can make use of them and rise above the clutches of poverty. It is essential to provide poverty stricken areas with schools, power, IT services and healthcare.

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