Read the passage given below and solve the questions based on it.
The main idea conveyed by the report is that our children do not get a chance to enjoy learning at school because the syllabi are irrationally organized, teaching is text-book centered, and the system of examinations instills fear and encourages mechanical repetition. Textbooks developed along the lines of re-conceptualized syllabi can attempt to integrate positive values, life skills, aesthetic sensibility and concern for the environment. They are interactive and make a conscious effort to point both children and the teachers towards other sources of learning such as neighbourhood, nature, etc. In addition two parallel challenges deserve attention. The first is examination reforms. Rigid indifference to individual differences is the major flaw of the present system. From the quality of questions to the manner of evaluation, it favours drilled preparedness and ignores independent thought while the unrealistically high cut-offs in coveted colleges are a further sign of systematic inefficiency. It is hardly surprising that the very thought of examinations makes the young depressed. Moreover, practices of splitting unified topics into arbitrary bits carrying small marks value encourage teachers to concentrate on scoring topics overlooking the importance of perspective and overall understanding. Little surprise that many elite high-fee schools are opting for International Baccalaureate not because it offers status with its global certification but for its flexibility and respect for individual differences in learning.
The second area is teacher training, which suffers from obsolete notions. Most teachers are trained mainly to cover the syllabus in a mechanical exam-oriented manner. By insisting that every child move at the same pace in all subjects teacher encourage rote learning and ridicule for those who fall behind. Teacher training, whether for nursery or secondary school teachers should be embedded in courses which have the capacity to develop both the teacher’s personality and perspective on society by linking subject learning with reflective and creative project work. The ultimate responsibility lies with universities and institutes of higher learning to ensure the quality of all teachers. Initiatives to improve the content of teacher training courses will ensure utilization of desolate university campuses during summer vacations which conceal an enormous waste of infrastructure and expertise. The quality of education is a reflection of the quality of teachers and major improvements in their training and working conditions will motivate the young to pursue a teaching career and determine how India fares in the pursuit of economic and social development in the years to come.
A- Rigid, logical, systematic organization of syllabus. B- Teaching methodology which does not focus on text books. C- Examination pattern which rewards rote learning.
Which of the following factors is responsible for children’s dislike of learning?
A- Rigid, logical, systematic organization of syllabus.
B- Teaching methodology which does not focus on text books.
C- Examination pattern which rewards rote learning.