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A preposition connects nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. They show the position of a subject with its object. noun (s) and pronouns (s)

Example :-

  • The book is on the table.
  • The book is beneath the table.
  • The book is leaning against the table.
  • The book is beside the table.
  • He is at the theatre.

Some of the usage of prepositions are given below:

  1. All, of
    Do not use of after all, unless the next word is a pronoun.
    All the men belong to the club.
    All of us belong to the Club.
    All of us boys belong to H10.
  2. Among/between
    Among always implies more than two; between literally implies two. Between, however, is now often used for three or more items, when each is regarded individually.
    The teachers distributed the sweets among the students. (more than two)
    Distribute these sweets among the workers. (more than two)
    The election commission is divided evenly between the two partners. (only two persons)
    However, between may be used for more than two persons or things in order to bring each person or thing into the relation expressed.
    1. While packing these glass sheets, be sure to place paper between them.
    2. The funds were distributed between SriLanka, China, Pakistan and India.
  3. At/in
    Both at and in are used in reference to places. Mostly in is used for larger places and at for smaller places.
    He lives at Patel nagar in Patna.
    He lives in Delhi.
  4. In/into/in to
    In implies the position within and into implies motion within to within from one medium to another. In to is a two word phrase in which in is an adverb.
    The correspondence is in the file.
    He walked into my office/He jumped into the pool.
    Varun came in to see me.
  5. Besides, besides
    Besides means in addition to; beside means by the side of.
    Beside, we also require your support for this movement.
    I sat beside river Nile.
    Besides being fined, he was also jailed.
  6. On/upon/up on
    Both on and upon are interchangeable, although upon is a little more formal and emphatic. In the two word phrase up on, on is an adverb.
    Please place the book on the table.
    His statements were based upon the scientific data.
    It will be necessary to step up on the school.
  7. Some word like senior, junior, prefer, prior, superior, inferior, etc., are followed by to and not than.
    He was senior to me in college.
    Health is more preferable to wealth.
    This cloth is inferior to that cloth.
  8. Certain words are used in gerund (first form of a verb followed by-ing) along with prepositions.
    For example, abstain, confident, fond, insist, keen, persist, prohibit, refrain, succeed, etc.
    I prohibited him from parking his car near the entrance. (and not “to park”)
    She is confident of speaking English within six months. (and not ‘‘to speak”)
    I abstain from drinking on Tuesday. (and not “to drink”)
    He worked hard and succeeded in securing good marks. (and not “to secure”)
  9. Certain words are used in gerund without a preposition if followed by the first form of a verb. For example, avoid, enjoy, help, dislike, help, stop, remember, etc.
    He enjoys playing cards. (and not “to play’’)
    Stop writing as the time is over. (and not “to stop”)
    I dislike playing with Raman. (and not “to play”)
    Many people avoid drinking before their superiors. (and not “to drink’’)
  10. Certain words are followed by different preposition in different contexts. For example:
    I agree with Mr Saxena.
    I agree to your proposal.
    In the above example, the word ‘agree’ is used with two different prepositions, with and to. ‘Agree with’ is used for agreement with a person, whereas ‘agree to’ is used for agreement to a plan, or proposal.
    Similarly, we angry ‘with’ a person, however we angry ‘at’ something.
  11. Prepositions of Time: at, on, and in
    We use at to designate specific times.
  • The train is due at 2:15 am.
    We use on to designate days and dates.
  • Hari is coming on Monday.
  • Were going to Mussorrie on 15th August.

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