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  • Idleness and luxury bring forth (produce, cause) poverty and want.
  • Our teacher often tells us a story to bring out (show) the meaning of a lesson.
  • The publishers have recently brought out (published) a cheap edition of their new dictionary.
  • He found great difficulty in bringing her round (converting her) to his views.
  • She brought up (reared) the orphan as her own child.


  • His master called for (demanded) an explanation of his conduct.
  • New responsibilities often call out (draw forth) virtues and abilities unsuspected before.
  • Call in (summon, send for) a doctor immediately.
  • He called on me (paid me a brief visit) yesterday.
  • The old man could not call up (recollect) past events.


  • He agreed to carry out (execute) my orders.
  • His passion carried him away (i.e., deprived him of self control).
  • His son carried on (managed) his business in his absence.
  • Many persons were carried off (killed) by plague.


  • The ship was cast away (wrecked) on the coast of Africa.
  • He was much cast down (depressed) by his loss.
  • Some snakes cast off (throw away) their outer skins seasonally.


  • At last the truth has come out (transpired).
  • The taxes come to (amount to) a large sum.
  • The question came up (was mooted or raised for discussion) before the Municipal Corporation last week.
  • I expect he will come round (recover) within a week.
  • I hope he will come round (agree) to our views.


  • Men of dissolute lives cry down (depreciate) religion, because they would not be under the restraints of it.
  • He cried out against (protested against) such injustice.
  • That young author is cried up (extolled) by his friends.


  • He was cut off (died) in the prime of life.
  • You must cut down (reduce) your expenditure.
  • He is cut out for (specially fitted to be) a sailor.
  • His wife’s death cut him up (affected him, distressed him) terribly.


  • I am done for (ruined).
  • Having walked twenty miles, he is quite done up (fatigued, exhausted).
  • She has done up (decorated, furnished) her apartment beautifully.


  • At last the rioters fell back (retreated, yielded).
  • At my friend’s wedding reception, I fell in with (met accidentally) my old time friend.
  • The measure falls in with (happens to meet) the popular demand.
  • The scheme has fallen through (failed) for want of support.
  • I am told the two brothers have fallen out (quarreled).
  • It is said that the standard of efficiency in public service has recently fallen off (deteriorated).
  • In the second school term the attendance fell off (diminished).


  • His friends expected that he would get off (escape) with a fine.
  • The thief got away (escaped) with my cash box.
  • I cannot get out (remove) this stain.
  • The revolt of the tribal chiefs has been got under (subdued).
  • The dog tried to get at (attack) me.
  • He has got through (passed) his examination.
  • They soon got the fire under (under control) by pouring buckets of water over it.
  • You were lucky to get out of (escape from) his clutches.


  • We are credibly informed that the murderer has given himself up (surrendered himself) to the police.
  • The doctors have given him up (i.e., have no hope of his recovery).
  • Soon after it was given forth (published) and believed by many, that the king was dead.
  • The fire gave off (emitted) a dense smoke.
  • The strikers seem determined and are not likely to give in (submit, yield).
  • It was given out (published, proclaimed) that he was a bankrupt.
  • The horses gave out (were exhausted) at the next milestone.
  • Give over (abandon) this foolish attempt.
  • In his cross examination he ultimately gave himself away (betrayed himself).


  • You cannot always go by (judge from) appearances.
  • It is a good rule to go by (to be guided by) the exact procedure.
  • He promised to go into (examine, investigate) the matte.
  • Have you anything to go upon (i.e., any foundation for your statement)?
  • We have no data to go upon (on which to base our conclusions).
  • The story would not go down (be believed).
  • The concept went off well (was a success).
  • The auditor went over (examined) the balance sheet.
  • The poor woman has gone through (suffered) much.
  • I must first go through (examine) the accounts.


  • The rebels held out (offered resistance) for about a month.
  • He holds out (gives) no promise of future prospects.
  • They were held up (stopped) on the highway and robbed by bandits.
  • The subject is held over (deferred, postponed) till the next meeting.


  • A few boys were kept in (confined) after school hours.
  • I was kept in (confined to the house) by a bad cold.
  • They kept up (carried on) a long conversation.
  • Little disputes and quarrels are chiefly kept up (maintained) by those who have nothing else to do.
  • He is trying his best to keep up (maintain) the reputation of his family.
  • The rubber syndicate keeps up (maintain) the price.
  • She kept on (continued) talking.
  • I shall keep back (conceal) nothing from you.


  • He has knocked about (wandered about) the world a great deal.
  • The dressing table was knocked down (sold at an auction) for fifty rupees.
  • We were greatly knocked up (exhausted) after our steep climb.


  • The rebels laid down (surrendered) their arms.
  • He had laid out (invested) a large sum in railway shares.
  • Foolish people, who do not lay out (spend) their money carefully, soon come to grief.
  • He is laid up (confined to his bed) with fever.
  • He resolved to lay be (save for future needs) a part of his income.

  • I was let into (made acquainted with) her secret.
  • This being his first offence he was let off (punished leniently) with a fine.


  • His uncle looks after (takes care of) him.
  • He looks down upon (despises) his poor cousins.
  • Look up (search for) the word in the dictionary.
  • The old man is looking forward to (expecting with pleasure) the visit of his grand-children.
  • I will look into (investigate) the matter.
  • I look on (regard) him as my son.
  • Some look to (rely on) legislation to hasten the progress of social reforms.
  • Look to (be careful about) your manners.
  • Prices of piece goods are looking up (rising).
  • Things are looking up (improving).
  • His friends look up to (respect) him.
  • He will not look at (i.e., will reject) your offer.


  • Contentment makes for (conduces to happiness.
  • He made over (presented, gave in charity) his bungalow to the Islam orphanage.
  • I cannot make out (discover) the meaning of this verse.
  • I cannot make out (read, decipher) his handwriting.
  • You have failed to make out (prove) your case.
  • Some time ago the two brothers quarreled but they have now made it up (become reconciled).


  • Unless we pull together (co-operate, work together in harmony) we cannot succeed.
  • My cousin pulled through (passed with difficulty) the examination.
  • The doctor says the patient will pull through (recover from his illness).
  • It is far easier to pull down (demolish) than to build up.
  • He was pulled up (scolded, rebuked) by the president.


  • Please put out (extinguish) the light.
  • He was put out (vexed, annoyed) when I refused his request for a loan.
  • The plaintiff was put out (disconcerted) when the suit was dismissed.
  • He tried to put me off (evade me, satisfy me) with promises.
  • He has put in (made, sent in) a claim for compensation.
  • He put off (postponed) his departure for a week.
  • The measure was put through (passed) without opposition.


  • On account of overwork he is run down (enfeebled).
  • He always runs down (disparages) his rivals.
  • The lease of our premises has run out (expired, come to an end).
  • He has run through (squandered away) his fortune.
  • The tailor’s bill has run up to (amounted to) a large amount.
  • He has run into (incurred) debt.
  • While turning the corner I ran against (chanced to meet) an old fried.
  • Recently my expenses have run up (increased) considerably.
  • The cistern is running over (overflowing).


  • I saw through (detected) the trick.
  • It is hard to see into (discern) his motive.
  • His friends were present at the station to see him off (witness his departure).


  • The high court set aside (annulled) the decree of the lower court.
  • He immediately set about (took steps towards) organizing the department.
  • He set off (started) for Peshawar early this morning.
  • The frame sets off the picture (i.e., enhances its beauty by contrast).
  • He has set up started business) as a banker.
  • I have enough capital to set me up (establish myself) in trade.
  • He hired a palatial bungalow and set up for (pretended to be) a millionaire.
  • I was obliged to set him down (snub him).
  • You may set down (charge) this loss to me.
  • Who set you on (instigated you) to do it.
  • These seats are set apart (reserved) for ladies.
  • In his speech on prohibition, he set forth (explained, made known his views) at length.
  • The robbers set upon (attacked) the defenseless travelers.
  • Winter in England sets in (begins) about December.


  • In Bombay there is no free library to speak of (worth mentioning).
  • I was determined to speak out (express my opinion freely).


  • They are determined to stand up for (vindicate, maintain) their rights.
  • Let this matter stand over (be deferred or postponed) for the present.It is hard but I think I can stand it out (endure it to the end without yielding).
  • He is always standing up for (championing the cause of) the weak and oppressed.
  • We shall be formidable if we stand by (support) one another.


  • He is struck down with (attacked by) paralysis.
  • The medical council struck off (removed) his name from the register of medical practitioners.


  • The piano takes up (occupies) too much room.
  • He takes after (resembles) his father.
  • At present I am reading the essays of Bacon but it is sometimes.
  • Difficult to take in (comprehend, understand) his meaning.
  • Recently he has taken to (become addicted to) opium eating.
  • Finally, he was talked into saying (convinced) yes to the proposal.


  • We talked over (discussed) the matter for an hour.
  • I hope to talk him over (convince him by talking) to our view.



  • My advice was thrown away (wasted) upon him, because he ignored it.
  • The bill was thrown out (rejected) by the Assembly.
  • In disgust he threw up (resigned) his appointment.
  • When he became rich became rich he threw over (abandoned or deserted) all his old friends.


  • The factory turns out (produces, manufactures) 20,000 lbs of cloth a day.
  • If he is lazy, why do not you turn him off (dismiss him)?
  • He turned out (proved) to be a scholar.
  • His very friends turned against (became hostile to) him.
  • Who can say what will turn up (happen) next?
  • He promised to come but he never turned up (appeared).


  • We tempted him with many promises but nothing would work on (influence) him.
  • He worked out (solved) the problem in a few minutes.
  • He is sure to work up (excite) the mob.
  • He worked upon (influenced) the ignorant villagers.

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