Vedic mathematics is the ancient system of mathematics drawn from the Vedas. The Vedas are ancient texts that encompass a broad spectrum of knowledge, covering all aspects of life. These include the sutras (verses) pertaining to mathematics. In the early 20th century, Swami Shri Bharati Krishna Tirthaji Maharaja claimed to have rediscovered a collection of 16 ancient mathematical sutras from the Vedas and published it in a book titled Vedic Mathematics.
Historians, however, do not agree on whether or not these were truly a part of the Vedic tradition. If these sutras dated back to the Vedic era, they would be a part of an oral rather than a written tradition. Despite controversies, they are a novel and useful approach to computation; they are flexible in application and easy to remember. They can often be applied in the algebraic contexts and in simple arithmetic as well.