"Clue cells" are found in Pap smears in: (AIPG 2011)
|B||Neisseria gonorrhoea infection|
|C||Trichomonas vaginalis infection|
a. Characteristics of bacterial vaginosis are following:
i. White homogenous vaginal discharge and exclusion of candidal and trichomonal vaginitis.
ii. Liberation of a distinct fishy odour immediately after mixing with 10% KOH of vaginal discharge.
iii. Vaginal discharge pH of> 4.5.
iv. Microscopic demonstration of "Clue cells".
b. Clue cells are vaginal epithelial cells coated with coccobacillary organism,
c. Lab diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis can be based on detection of clue cells in a gram stained smear of vaginal discharge.
d. The normally predominant lactobacilli are mostly or completely replaced by a profusion of bacterial morpho types consistent with Gardnerella vagina lis and anaerobic organism.