A 1-year-old child develops voluminous watery diarrhea and vomiting. She is brought to you by her parents and evaluated, then sent home with instructions for the parents to give the child an electrolyte replacement solution. Most likely cause of the diarrhea is? (AIIMS May 2012)
|B||Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus|
Rotavirus is the most common cause of diarrhea in infants. It is non-enveloped, double shelled, double-stranded RNA containing virus with segmented genome. Diagnosis of rota virus diarrhea is by detection of virus (buy electron microscopy) or its antigen (by ELISA) in stool specimen.