General Virology and DNA Viruses
A 33-year-old nurse suffered a needle stick injury. The patient used illicit intravenous drugs. One month later, the nurse develops jaundice. Which of the following findings would implicate hepatitis B as the etiology?
|A||Positive antihepatitis B surface antibody|
|B||Positive antihepatitis B-core antibody|
|C||Positive hepatitis B surface antigen|
|D||Positive antihepatitis A antibody|
The presence of hepatitis B surface antigen means actively replicating virus, and in the context of the recent needle stick injury, this likely represents a hepatitis B infection.