A female presents with leaking and meconium stained liquor at 32 weeks (AIPG 2010)
a. Listeriosis during pregnancy can have the following effects:
ii. Pre-term labor
iii. Meconium Stained Amniotic Fluid even with preterm gestations.
b. CMV, Rubella & Toxoplasma infections have a teratogenic effect & are unlikely to cause preterm labor & MSAF.