A gall bladder with a polyp, what is not a risk factor for development of carcinomas
|A||+ of gall stones|
|C||Polyp > 5 mm in length|
|D||Sudden ↑in the size of polyp|
Several risk factors that make a person more likely to develop gallbladder cancer.
a. Gallstones are the most common risk factor for gallbladder cancer.
B. Porcelain gallbladder:
b. Porcelain gallbladder is a condition in which the wall of the gallbladder becomes covered with calcium deposits.
C. Female gender:
c. Gallbladder cancer occurs more than twice as often in women.
D. Obesity, Older age
E. Choledochal cysts:
Choledochal cysts are bile-filled sacs that are connected to the common bile duct, the tube that carries bile from the liver and gallbladder to the small intestine. (Choledochal means having to do with the common bile duct.)
F. Gallbladder polyps:
d. A gallbladder polyp is a growth that bulges outward from the surface level of the inner gallbladder wall.
e. Some polyps are formed by cholesterol deposits in the gallbladder wall.
f. Others may be small tumors (either cancerous or benign) or may be caused by inflammation.
g. Polyps larger than 1 centimeter are more likely to be malignant.
G. Industrial and environmental chemicals
People chronically infected with salmonella (the bacterium that causes typhoid) and those who are carriers of the disease are more likely to develop gallbladder cancer than those not infected.