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Paediatric

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Nutrition And Nutritional Disorders

Question
15 out of 49
 

All are true regarding Kwashiorkor except - (LQ)



A Fatty liver

B Edema

C Megaloblastic anemia not responding to folic acid

D Bitot's spot

Ans. C

Megaloblastic anemia not responding to folic acid

o Megaloblastic anemia due to folic acid deficiency responds well to folic acid supplementation.

Associated nutritional deficiencies in in PEM

a. Iron deficiency - Anemia (Microcytic hypochromic)

b. Folate &VitB12 deficiency - Anemia (megaloblastic).

c. Vit A deficiency - Xeropthalmia (Night blindness, conjuctival xerosis, Bitot's spot, corneal xerosis, keratomalacia).

d. VitB2 deficiency - Ariboflavinosis.

e. Vit C deficiency - Scurvy

f. Vit D deficiency - Skeletal changes of rickets may not be clinically overt as no growth is occurring during malnutrition (Rickets is a disease of growing skeleton). Rickets becomes evident during Dietary therap7,, when skeleton starts growing again *+ Paradoxicul rickets.

Nutrition And Nutritional Disorders Flashcard List

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